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There are only 14 banned antibiotics on this list with zero residual level of detection tolerance for MRL in shrimp in India.
Aristolochia root extract, Chlorpromazine, Chloroform, Colchicine, clenbuterol, and diethylstilbestrol are not antibiotics.
This is good information to know Nelson. Are the 7 substances which you identified also harmful? Please share your thoughts.
The shrimp farming industry in India does not prohibit the use of 4 antibiotics namely tetracycline, oxytetracycline, trimethoprim, and oxolinic acid which means that Indian shrimp farmers can still legally use and abuse these antibiotics in the grow-out phase of shrimp farming.
Whether the tetracyclines, trimethoprim, and oxolinic acid are allowed for use in the aquaculture sector in India and the MRL detection in the harvested shrimp commodities is within the set MRL limit for these 4 antibiotics in harvested shrimp as detected at the processing plant of the country of origin or port of entry in the country of destination, the term “No Antibiotics” cannot be branded on Indian farmed shrimp.
Because the Indian Authorities are still allowing the legal use of these 4 antibiotics in the grow-out phase of shrimp farming and are not limited only to hatchery use limited to broodstocks only in times of emergency as a last resort only and not as metaphylactic bath application in larval tanks.
Aristolochia root extract is used in traditional medicines as a gastric stimulant and in the treatment of cancer, lung inflammation, dysentery, and snake bites
Chlorpromazine is an antipsychotic drug used for the treatment of schizophrenia
Chloroform is generally used as an industrial solvent
Colchicine is an anti-inflammatory drug used in the treatment of gout.
Clenbuterol is a sympathomimetic amine used as a bronchodilator in asthma.
Diethylstilbestrol is a non-steroidal estrogen drug that is rarely used in pregnant women nowadays.
I don’t understand how these industrial solvents, root extracts, anti-psychotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, non-steroidal estrogens, and anti-asthmatic drugs are used in shrimp grow-out farming in India.
I just cannot make the connection as far as the use of these pharmaceuticals and industrial solvents in shrimp health management in relation to shrimp grow-out farming ... and I am a licensed veterinarian.
I find these mind-boggling and really strange.
My understanding is that this is a "proposed list" that is being discussed at the FAO, and so is not India specific. Maybe it's supposed to capture a worldwide issue!
The origin of the list came from the 2002 proceedings of the Meeting of the Expert Group Organized by the Aquaculture Authority, Government of India on the Use of Antibiotics, Drugs, and Chemicals in Shrimp Aquaculture and Steps to be taken for their Regulation.
Antibiotics don’t work in shrimp grow-out farming. Just a waste of time and money anchoring on a false belief.
Only the illegal or unregulated vendors of extra-label veterinary drugs are earning and getting richer at the expense of the shrimp farmers and the reputation of the entire Indian shrimp farming industry.
The ethical way is to have a total ban on the use of any antibiotics in shrimp grow-out farming.
This industry has advanced far enough in sustainable best management and practices in shrimp farming that it can produce farmed shrimp without antibiotics.
And there are newer methods of disinfecting empty ponds as well as large volumes of fill water to minimize and isolate incidences of shrimp diseases in grow-out farming that antibiotics usage in the industry should be regarded as non-beneficial and obsolete.
The title of this report: “India state bans 20 antibiotics from use in shrimp farming” is inaccurate.
It should be: “India state bans 14 antibiotics.
Along with 5 pharmaceuticals, and an industrial solvent from shrimp farming but still continues to allow 4 outdated, old world, antibiotics for use in the GROW-OUT for systemic application in shrimp
Via the per orem route."
The source of your posted table on shrimp list which you credited Yousef Eltahawy is the Coastal Aquaculture Authority of India
And shrimp are nibblers, not swallowers of pellets which means a lot of feeds get wasted in the surrounding water.
Put antibiotics in the scenario and you know what I mean.
Talk about environmental antibiotic residues and bacterial drug resistance.